| IUPAC RECOMMENDATIONS 2013
K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609, 10.1351/PAC-REC-06-04-06.
|Appearance energy AE|
|Deprecated: appearance potential.
Minimum energy that must be imparted to an atom or molecule to produce a detectable amount of a specified ion. In electron ionization mass spectrometry, minimum electron energy necessary for the detection of a given fragment ion.
Note: This experimental quantity can vary with the detection sensitivity of the instrument used, reflecting different kinetic shifts.
IUPAC. Analytical Division. Compendium of Analytical Nomenclature (the “Orange Book”). Definitive Rules, 1979. Compiled by J. Inczédy, T. Lengyel, A. M. Ure. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). On-line corrected version: http://www.iupac.org /publications/analytical compendium (2000).
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the “Gold Book”). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A.Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins.
|Definitions of Terms Relating to Mass Spectrometry (IUPAC Recommendations 2013); DOI: 10.1351/PAC-REC-06-04-06 © IUPAC 2013.|
| GOLD BOOK DEFINITION
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the “Gold Book”). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A.Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
Refers to ionization of a molecule or atom by electron collision or photon absorption. In mass spectrometry it has often been reported as the voltage which corresponds to the minimum energy of the electrons in the ionizing beam necessary for the production of a given fragment ion. In photoionization it is the minimum energy of the quantum of light which produces ionization of the absorbing molecule.
PAC, 1990, 62, 2167 (Glossary of atmospheric chemistry terms (Recommendations 1990)) on page 2175
PAC, 1991, 63, 1541 (Recommendations for nomenclature and symbolism for mass spectroscopy (including an appendix of terms used in vacuum technology). (Recommendations 1991)) on page 1546
|IUPAC Gold Book|
|Index of Gold Book Terms|
| ORANGE BOOK DEFINITION
IUPAC. Analytical Division. Compendium of Analytical Nomenclature (the “Orange Book”). Definitive Rules, 1979.
Appearance energy (A (X+)) The minimum energy that must be imparted to an atom, molecule or molecular moiety in order to produce a specified ion X+.
The term 'appearance potential' is not recommended.
|IUPAC Orange Book Chapter 12|
|Index of Orange Book Terms|