Carbocation

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IUPAC RECOMMENDATIONS 2013

K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609, 10.1351/PAC-REC-06-04-06.

Carbocation
Cation containing an even number of electrons with the excess positive charge formally located on a carbon atom. This is a general term embracing carbenium ions, carbonium ions, and cations derived from corresponding carbon-centred free radicals by removal of the unpaired electron.


Note: Such carbocations may be named by adding the word “cation” to the name of the corresponding radical, but such names do not imply structure (e.g., whether three- or five- coordinated carbon atoms are present).
Related Term(s):
Reference(s):

IUPAC. Analytical Division. Compendium of Analytical Nomenclature (the “Orange Book”). Definitive Rules, 1979. Compiled by J. Inczédy, T. Lengyel, A. M. Ure. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). On-line corrected version: http://www.iupac.org /publications/analytical compendium (2000).

IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the “Gold Book”). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A.Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins.

Definitions of Terms Relating to Mass Spectrometry (IUPAC Recommendations 2013); DOI: 10.1351/PAC-REC-06-04-06 © IUPAC 2013.


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