Template:Ambient all

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Table of ambient ionization techniques

Click the header box to sort the ambient ionization techniques.

Acronym Technique Material Removal Ionization Classification Reference
ASAP Atmospheric pressure solids analysis probe Heat Chemical ionization #Plasma http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac051470k
APTDI Atmospheric pressure thermal desorption/ionization Heat #Plasma
BADCI Beta electron-assisted direct chemical ionization Heat Metastable chemical ionization #Two step http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/B909072J
DAPCI Desorption atmospheric pressure chemical ionization Heat Chemical ionization #Plasma http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/B418697D
DAPPI Desorption atmospheric pressure photoionization Heat Photoionization #Extraction http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac071152g
DART Direct analysis in real time Heat Metastable chemical ionization #Plasma http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac050162j
DBDI Dielectric barrier discharge ionization Heat Metastable chemical ionization #Plasma http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jasms.2007.07.027
DCBI Desorption corona beam ionization Heat Metastable chemical ionization #Plasma http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/B922616H
DCI Desorption chemical ionization Heat Chemical ionization #Plasma
DEMI Desorption electrospray/metastable-induced ionization Solvent extraction Electrospray/Metastable chemical ionization #Multimode

DESI Desorption Electrospray Ionization Liquid extraction Electrospray #Extraction
DICE Desorption ionization by charge exchange Liquid extraction #Extraction
EASI Easy ambient sonic-spray ionization Liquid extraction Droplet evaporation #Extraction http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac701960q
EESI Extractive electrospray ionization Aerosol extraction Electrospray #Two step http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b602614a
ELDI Electrospray laser desorption ionization Laser Electrospray #Laser http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.3011
HAPGDI Helium atmospheric pressure glow discharge ionization #Plasma
IR-LAMICI Infrared laser ablation metastable-induced chemical ionization Laser Metastable chemical ionization #Laser http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac902905v
LADESI Laser assisted desorption electrospray ionization Laser Electrospray #Laser http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b715146b
LAESI Laser ablation electrospray ionization Laser Electrospray #Laser http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac071181r
LA-FAPA Laser ablation flowing atmospheric pressure afterglow Laser Plasma #Laser http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac801594u
LA-ICP Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma Laser Plasma #Laser
LDAPCI Laser desorption atmospheric pressure chemical ionization Laser APCI #Laser http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac020402k

LDESI Laser desorption electrospray ionization Laser Electrospray #Laser http://dx.doi.org/
LDI Laser desorption ionization Laser #Other
LEMS Laser electrospray mass spectrometry Laser Electrospray #Laser http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.4226
LESA Liquid extraction surface analysis Liquid microjunction Electrospray #Extraction
LIAD-ESI Laser-induced acoustic desorption-electrospray ionization Laser Electrospray #Acoustic http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac800896y
LMJ-SSP Liquid microjunction-surface sampling probe Liquid microjunction Electrospray #Extraction http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac901098d
LSI Laser spray ionization Laser Droplet evaporation #Other http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/mcp.M900527-MCP200
LTP Low temperature plasma Heat Metastable chemical ionization #Plasma http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac801641a
MAII Matrix-assisted inlet ionization Aerosol Droplet evaporation #Other http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac102339y
MALDESI Matrix-assisted laser desorption electrospray ionization Laser Electrospray #Laser http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jasms.2006.08.003
nano-DESI Nanospray desorption electrospray ionization Liquid microjunction Electrospray #Extraction http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C0AN00312C
ND-EESI Neutral desorption extractive electrospray ionization Gas Electrospray #Two step http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jms.1282
PADI Plasma-assisted desorption ionization Heat Metastable chemical ionization #Plasma http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac070109q
PESI Probe electrospray ionization Solid extraction Electrospray #Two step http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.3201
PS Paper spray Solid extraction Electrospray http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac902854g
RADIO Radiofrequency acoustic desorption and ionization Acoustic Electrospray #Acoustic http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jasms.2008.11.024
RASTIR Remote analyte sampling transport and ionization relay Gas Electrospray http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac800289f
REIMS Rapid evaporative ionization mass spectrometry Heat Charge separation #Other http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.200902546
SACI Surface activated chemical ionization Heat Chemical ionization http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/138620709787315427
SAII Solvent-assisted inlet ionization Heat Droplet evaporation #Other http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac201982r
SPAMS Single-particle aerosol mass spectrometry Aerosol Laser desorption ionization #Other http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac901208h
TM-DESI Transmission mode desorption electrospray ionization Liquid extraction Electrospray #Extraction


From http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cr300309q (Monge, M. E.; Harris, G. A.; Dwivedi, P.; Fernandez, F. M. Mass Spectrometry: Recent Advances in Direct Open Air Surface Sampling/Ionization. Chem. Rev. 2013, 113, 2269-2308)


"One-step techniques where desorption occurs by solid?liquid extraction processes dynamically followed by ESI, APPI, sonic spray, or CI ion production mechanisms"


"One-step plasma-based techniques involving thermal or chemical sputtering desorption of neutrals working in parallel with chemical ionization mechanisms"

Two step

"Two-step techniques involving thermal desorption or mechanical ablation followed by secondary ionization"


"Two-step techniques involving laser desorption/ablation followed by secondary ionization"


"Two-step acoustic desorption methods"


"Multimode techniques involving two of the principles in previous categories"


"One-of-a-kind techniques that do not fit into previous categories"