|IUPAC RECOMMENDATIONS 2013|
|Carbocation that has at least one important contributing structure containing a tervalent carbon atom with a vacant p-orbital. Common examples are even-electron hypovalent ions with the charge formally localized on a carbon atom, with general formula R1R2R3C+ where the R groups are any monovalent organic structure.
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the Gold Book). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A.Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins.
|From Definitions of Terms Relating to Mass Spectrometry (IUPAC Recommendations 2013); DOI: 10.1351/PAC-REC-06-04-06 © IUPAC 2013.|