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This is the Second Draft of the [[IUPAC]] [[Task Group]] [http://www.iupac.org/projects/2003/2003-056-2-500.html Standard definitions of terms relating to mass spectrometry] that is slated for completion in early 2006.  
+
<big><big>The '''IUPAC Task Group MS Terms Second Draft''' has been superseded by [[:Category:Final|IUPAC Recommendations 2013]].
  
Also see the [http://www.msterms.com/docs/IUPAC_MS_Terms_Draft.pdf First Draft (PDF)] and the IUPAC [[Orange Book Chapter 12]].
+
See the final draft: http://iupac.org/publications/pac/asap/PAC-REC-06-04-06/ </big></big>
  
  
 +
{{catmenu}}
  
= General Terms =
 
  
==Terms ==
+
'''[http://mass-spec.lsu.edu/files/IUPAC_MS_Terms_Second_Draft.pdf Second Draft (PDF)]'''
  
*[[Accurate Mass ]]
+
<s>This is the Second Public Draft of the [[IUPAC]] [[Task Group]] [http://www.iupac.org/projects/2003/2003-056-2-500.html Standard definitions of terms relating to mass spectrometry] that is slated for completion in early 2006.</s>
*[[Average Mass ]]
 
*[[Appearance Energy ]]
 
*[[Base Peak ]]
 
*[[Charge Number]]
 
*[[Dalton]]
 
*[[Electron Affinity ]]
 
*[[Electron Energy ]]
 
*[[Electron Volt]]
 
*[[Exact Mass ]]
 
*[[Field-Free Region]]
 
*[[Ionization Cross Section ]]
 
*[[Ionization Efficiency ]]
 
*[[Ionization Energy ]]
 
*[[Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Magnetic Deflection]]
 
*[[Magnetic Field]]
 
*[[Magnetic Sector]]
 
*[[Mass Defect ]]
 
*[[Mass Number]]
 
*[[Molecular Mass ]]
 
*[[Monoisotopic Mass ]]
 
*[[m/z]]
 
*[[Multiphoton Ionization]]
 
*[[Nitrogen Rule ]]
 
*[[Nominal Mass ]]
 
*[[Odd-Electron Rule]]
 
*[[Peak]]
 
*[[Peak Intensity]]
 
*[[Proton Affinity ]]
 
*[[Resolution (Mass)]]
 
*[[Resolving Power (Mass)]]
 
*[[Total Ion Chromatogram]]
 
*[[Transmission ]]
 
*[[Unified Atomic Mass Unit]]
 
  
== [[Acronyms]] ==
+
<s>Also see the [http://www.msterms.com/docs/IUPAC_MS_Terms_Draft.pdf First Draft (PDF)] and the IUPAC [[Orange Book Chapter 12]].</s>
 +
 
 +
= terms =
 +
 
 +
*[[2E mass spectrum]]
 +
*[[accelerating voltage]]
 +
*[[accelerator mass spectrometry]]
 +
*[[accurate mass]]
 +
*[[adiabatic ionization]]
 +
*[[adduct ion]]
 +
*[[alpha-cleavage]]
 +
*[[a-ion]]
 +
*[[analog ion]]
 +
*[[anion]]
 +
*[[anti-aromatic ion]]
 +
*[[appearance energy]]
 +
*[[aromatic ion]]
 +
*[[array collector]]
 +
*[[associative ionization]]
 +
*[[associative ion/molecule reaction]]
 +
*[[atmospheric pressure ionization]]
 +
*[[atmospheric pressure chemical ionization]]
 +
*[[atmospheric pressure matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization]]
 +
*[[atmospheric pressure photoionization]]
 +
*[[autodetachment]]
 +
*[[autoionization]]
 +
*[[average mass]]
 +
*[[base peak]]
 +
*[[bath gas]]
 +
*[[beta-cleavage]]
 +
*[[b-ion]]
 +
*[[blackbody infrared radiative dissociation]]
 +
*[[buffer gas]]
 +
*[[cation]]
 +
*[[cationized molecule]]-
 +
*[[centroid acquisition]]
 +
*[[charge exchange ionization]]
 +
*[[charge exchange reaction]]
 +
*[[charge induced fragmentation]]
 +
*[[charge-inversion mass spectrum]]
 +
*[[charge-inversion reaction]]
 +
*[[charge number]]
 +
*[[charge permutation reaction]]
 +
*[[charge remote fragmentation]]
 +
*[[charge stripping reaction]]
 +
*[[charge transfer reaction]]
 +
*[[chemical ionization]]
 +
*[[chemi-ionization]]
 +
*[[c-ion]]
 +
*[[classical ion]]
 +
*[[cluster ion]]
 +
*[[collisional activation]]
 +
*[[collisional excitation]]
 +
*[[collision gas]]
 +
*[[collision-induced dissociation]]
 +
*[[collision quadrupole]]
 +
*[[consecutive reaction monitoring]]
 +
*[[constant neutral loss scan]]
 +
*[[constant neutral loss spectrum]]
 +
*[[constant neutral mass gain scan]]
 +
*[[constant neutral mass gain spectrum]]
 +
*[[continuous dynode electron multiplier]]
 +
*[[continuum acquisition]]
 +
*[[continuous flow fast atom bombardment]]
 +
*[[conversion dynode]]
 +
*[[curved field reflectron]]
 +
*[[cyclotron motion]]
 +
*[[dalton]]
 +
*[[daly detector]]
 +
*[[delayed extraction]]
 +
*[[diagnostic ion]]
 +
*[[dimeric ion]]
 +
*[[desorption electrospray ionization]]
 +
*[[desorption/ionization]]
 +
*[[desorption/ionization on silicon]]
 +
*[[direct insertion probe]]
 +
*[[direct liquid introduction]]
 +
*[[dissociative ionization]]
 +
*[[distonic ion]]
 +
*[[double-focusing mass spectrometer]]
 +
*[[dynamic fields mass spectrometer]]
 +
*[[dynamic secondary ionization]]
 +
*[[dynode]]
 +
*[[einzel lens]]
 +
*[[electron affinity]]
 +
*[[electron attachment ionization]]
 +
*[[electron capture dissociation]]
 +
*[[electron energy]]
 +
*[[electron induced excitation in organics]]
 +
*[[electron ionization]]
 +
*[[electron multiplier]]
 +
*[[electron volt]]
 +
*[[electrospray ionization]]
 +
*[[electrostatic energy analyzer]]
 +
*[[e/2 mass spectrum]]
 +
*[[even-electron ion]]
 +
*[[exact mass]]
 +
*[[extracted ion chromatogram]]
 +
*[[faraday cup]]
 +
*[[fast atom bombardment]]
 +
*[[fast ion bombardment]]
 +
*[[field desorption]]
 +
*[[field-free region]]
 +
*[[field ionization]]
 +
*[[first stability region]]
 +
*[[fission fragment ionization]]
 +
*[[fixed product ion scan]]
 +
*[[focal plane collector]]
 +
*[[forward library search]]
 +
*[[fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer]]
 +
*[[fragment ion]]
 +
*[[fringing field]]
 +
*[[glow discharge ionization]]
 +
*[[gridless reflectron]]
 +
*[[hard ionization]]
 +
*[[heterolysis]]
 +
*[[heterolytic cleavage]]
 +
*[[high-energy collision-induced dissociation]]
 +
*[[high-field asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry]]
 +
*[[homolysis]]
 +
*[[homolytic cleavage]]
 +
*[[hydrogen/deuterium exchange]]
 +
*[[hybrid mass spectrometer]]
 +
*[[imaging mass spectrometry]]
 +
*[[inductive cleavage]]
 +
*[[inductively coupled plasma]]
 +
*[[infrared multiphoton dissociation]]
 +
*[[in-source collision-induced dissociation]]
 +
*[[ion]]
 +
*[[ion desolvation]]
 +
*[[energy loss spectrum]]
 +
*[[ion gate]]
 +
*[[ionic dissociation]]
 +
*[[ion/ion reaction]]
 +
*[[ionization cross section]]
 +
*[[ionization efficiency]]
 +
*[[ionizing collision]]
 +
*[[ion kinetic energy spectrometry]]
 +
*[[ion mobility spectrometry]]
 +
*[[ion/molecule reaction]]
 +
*[[ion/neutral complex]]
 +
*[[ion/neutral species reaction]]
 +
*[[ion/neutral species exchange reaction]]
 +
*[[ion-pair formation]]
 +
*[[ion source]]
 +
*[[ion-to-photon detector]]
 +
*[[ion trap]]
 +
*[[isotope dilution mass spectrometry]]
 +
*[[isotope ratio mass spectrometry]]
 +
*[[isotopologue ions]]
 +
*[[isotopomeric ions]]
 +
*[[kinetic energy analyzer]]
 +
*[[kinetic energy release]]
 +
*[[kinetic energy release distribution]]
 +
*[[kinetic method]]
 +
*[[laser desorption]]
 +
*[[laser desorption/ionization]]
 +
*[[laser ionization]]
 +
*[[laser microprobe mass spectrometry]]
 +
*[[linear ion trap]]
 +
*[[linked scan]]
 +
*[[Linked Scan at Constant B/E]]
 +
*[[Linked Scan at Constant E2/V]]
 +
*[[Linked Scan at Constant B2/E]]
 +
*[[Linked Scan at Constant B[1-(E/E0)]1/2/E]]
 +
*[[liquid secondary ionization]]
 +
*[[low-energy collision-induced dissociation]]
 +
*[[magnetic sector]]
 +
*[[mass-analyzed ion kinetic energy spectrometry]]
 +
*[[mass calibration]]
 +
*[[mass defect]]
 +
*[[mass excess]]
 +
*[[mass limit]]
 +
*[[mass number]]
 +
*[[mass range]]
 +
*[[mass resolution]]
 +
*[[mass resolving power]]
 +
*[[mass selective axial ejection]]
 +
*[[mass selective instability]]
 +
*[[mass spectral library]]
 +
*[[mass spectrograph]]
 +
*[[mass spectrometer]]
 +
*[[mass spectrometry]]
 +
*[[mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry]]
 +
*[[mass spectrum]]
 +
*[[mathieu stability diagram]]
 +
*[[matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization]]
 +
*[[mattauch-herzog geometry]]
 +
*[[mclafferty rearrangement]]
 +
*[[membrane inlet]]
 +
*[[metastable ion]]
 +
*[[microchannel plate]]
 +
*[[microelectrospray]]
 +
*[[molar mass]]
 +
*[[molecular beam mass spectrometry]]
 +
*[[molecular ion]]
 +
*[[momentum transfer collision]]
 +
*[[monoisotopic mass]]
 +
*[[msn]]
 +
*[[multiphoton ionization]]
 +
*[[multiple-stage mass spectrometry]]
 +
*[[nanoelectrospray]]
 +
*[[negative ion]]
 +
*[[negative ion chemical ionization]]
 +
*[[neutralization reionization mass spectrometry]]
 +
*[[neutral loss]]
 +
*[[nier-johnson geometry]]
 +
*[[nitrogen rule]]
 +
*[[nominal mass]]
 +
*[[non-classical ion]]
 +
*[[nth generation product ion]]
 +
*[[nth generation product ion scan]]
 +
*[[nth generation product ion spectrum]]
 +
*[[odd-electron ion]]
 +
*[[odd-electron rule]]
 +
*[[onium ion]]
 +
*[[orbitrap]]
 +
*[[orbitrap mass spectrometer]]
 +
*[[orthogonal extraction]]
 +
*[[partial charge exchange reaction]]
 +
*[[partial charge transfer reaction]]
 +
*[[paul ion trap]]
 +
*[[peak]]
 +
*[[peak intensity]]
 +
*[[peak matching]]
 +
*[[penning ionization]]
 +
*[[photodissociation]]
 +
*[[photoionization]]
 +
*[[plasma desorption/ionization]]
 +
*[[pneumatically-assisted electrospray ionization]]
 +
*[[point collector]]
 +
*[[positive ion]]
 +
*[[post-acceleration detector]]
 +
*[[post-source decay]]
 +
*[[precursor ion]]
 +
*[[precursor ion scan]]
 +
*[[precursor ion spectrum]]
 +
*[[pre-ionization state]]
 +
*[[principal ion]]
 +
*[[product ion]]
 +
*[[product ion scan]]
 +
*[[product ion spectrum]]
 +
*[[progeny fragment ions]]
 +
*[[prolate trochoidal mass spectrometer]]
 +
*[[proton affinity]]
 +
*[[protonated molecule]]
 +
*[[pyrolysis mass spectrometry]]
 +
*[[quadrupole ion storage trap]]
 +
*[[quistor]]
 +
*[[quadratic field reflectron]]
 +
*[[quadrupole ion trap]]
 +
*[[quadrupole mass spectrometer]]
 +
*[[radical ion]]
 +
*[[reagent ion]]
 +
*[[recombination energy]]
 +
*[[reference ion]]
 +
*[[reflectron]]
 +
*[[relative molecular mass]]
 +
*[[residual gas analyzer]]
 +
*[[resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization]]
 +
*[[resonance ion ejection]]
 +
*[[resonance ionization]]
 +
*[[reverse library search]]
 +
*[[RF-DC ion mobility spectrometry]]
 +
*[[secondary electron]]
 +
*[[secondary ionization]]
 +
*[[sector mass spectrometer]]
 +
*[[selected ion flow tube]]
 +
*[[selected ion monitoring]]
 +
*[[selected reaction monitoring]]
 +
*[[soft ionization]]
 +
*[[space charge effect]]
 +
*[[spark ionization]]
 +
*[[stable ion]]
 +
*[[stability diagram]]
 +
*[[static field]]
 +
*[[stored waveform inverse fourier transform]]
 +
*[[superelastic collision]]
 +
*[[surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization]]
 +
*[[surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization]]
 +
*[[surface-enhanced neat desorption]]
 +
*[[surface-induced dissociation]]
 +
*[[surface-induced reaction]]
 +
*[[surface ionization]]
 +
*[[sustained off-resonance irradiation]]
 +
*[[tandem mass spectrometer]]
 +
*[[tandem mass spectrometry]]
 +
*[[tandem mass spectrometry in time]]
 +
*[[tandem mass spectrometry in space]]
 +
*[[thermal ionization]]
 +
*[[time-of-flight mass spectrometer]]
 +
*[[time lag focusing]]
 +
*[[total ion current]]
 +
*[[total ion current chromatogram]]
 +
*[[transmission]]
 +
*[[transmission quadrupole mass spectrometer]]
 +
*[[triple quadrupole mass spectrometer]]
 +
*[[unified atomic mass unit]]
 +
*[[unimolecular dissociation]]
 +
*[[unstable ion]]
 +
*[[vertical ionization]]
 +
*[[x-ion]]
 +
*[[y-ion]]
 +
*[[z-ion]]
 +
 
 +
= Acronyms =
  
 
*[[AE]]
 
*[[AE]]
:[[Appearance Energy]]
+
*[[AMS]]
*[[AMS ]]
 
:[[Accelerator Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[amu ]]
 
:[[Atomic Mass Unit]]
 
 
*[[AP]]
 
*[[AP]]
:[[Appearance Potential]]
+
*[[AP MALDI]]
:Atmospheric Pressure
+
*[[APCI]]
*[[AP MALDI ]]
+
*[[API]]
:[[Atmospheric Pressure Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization]]
 
*[[APCI ]]
 
:[[Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization]]
 
*[[API ]]
 
:[[Atmospheric Pressure Ionization]]
 
 
*[[APPI]]
 
*[[APPI]]
:[[Atmospheric Pressure Photoionization]]
 
 
 
*[[B]]
 
*[[B]]
:[[Magnetic Field]]
+
*[[BIRD]]
*[[BIRD ]]
 
:[[Blackbody Infrared Radiative Dissociation]]
 
 
*[[BP]]
 
*[[BP]]
:[[Base Peak]]
 
 
 
*[[CA]]
 
*[[CA]]
:[[Collisional Activation]]
+
*[[CAD]]
*[[CAD ]]
 
:[[Collisionally Activated Dissociation]]
 
 
*[[CE-MS]]
 
*[[CE-MS]]
:[[Capillary Electrophoresis Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
*[[CF-FAB]]
 
*[[CF-FAB]]
:[[Continuous Flow Fast Atom Bombardment]]
 
 
*[[CI]]
 
*[[CI]]
:[[Chemical Ionization]]
+
*[[CID]]
*[[CID ]]
 
:[[Collision Induced Dissociation]]
 
 
*[[CIT]]
 
*[[CIT]]
:[[Cylindrical Ion Trap]]
 
 
*[[CRF]]
 
*[[CRF]]
:[[Charge Remote Fragmentation]]
 
 
*[[CRM]]
 
*[[CRM]]
:[[Consecutive Reaction Monitoring]]
 
 
*[[CS]]
 
*[[CS]]
:[[Charge Stripping]]
 
 
*[[CX]]
 
*[[CX]]
:[[Charge Exchange]]
 
 
 
*[[Da]]
 
*[[Da]]
:[[Dalton]]
+
*[[DE]]
*[[DADI ]]
+
*[[DESI]]
:[[Direct Analysis of Daughter Ions]]
 
*[[DE ]]
 
:[[Delayed Extraction]]
 
 
*[[DI]]
 
*[[DI]]
:[[Desorption Ionization]]
+
*[[DIOS]]
 
*[[DIP]]
 
*[[DIP]]
:[[Direct Insertion Probe]]
 
 
*[[DLI]]
 
*[[DLI]]
:[[Direct Liquid Introduction]]
 
 
*[[DMS]]
 
*[[DMS]]
:[[Dynamic Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
 
*[[E]]
 
*[[E]]
:[[Electric Field]]
 
 
*[[EA]]
 
*[[EA]]
:[[Electron Affinity]]
 
 
*[[ECCI]]
 
*[[ECCI]]
:[[Electron Capture Chemical Ionization]]
 
 
*[[ECD]]
 
*[[ECD]]
:[[Electron Capture Dissociation]]
 
 
*[[EE]]
 
*[[EE]]
:[[Even Electron]]
 
 
*[[EI]]
 
*[[EI]]
:[[Electron Ionization]]
 
*[[EIEIO]]
 
:[[Electron-Induced Excitation in Organics]]
 
 
*[[EM]]
 
*[[EM]]
:[[Electron Multiplier]]
 
 
*[[ES]]
 
*[[ES]]
:[[Electrospray]]
+
*[[ESA]]
*[[ESA ]]
+
*[[ESI]]
:[[Electrostatic Energy Analyzer]]
 
*[[ESI ]]
 
:[[Electrospray Ionization]]
 
 
*[[eV]]
 
*[[eV]]
:[[Electron Volt]]
 
 
 
*[[FA]]
 
*[[FA]]
:[[Flowing Afterglow]]
+
*[[FAB]]
*[[FAB ]]
 
:[[Fast Atom Bombardment]]
 
 
*[[FAIMS]]
 
*[[FAIMS]]
:[[High-field Asymmetric Waveform Ion Mobility Spectrometry]]
 
 
*[[FD]]
 
*[[FD]]
:[[Field Desorption]]
 
 
*[[FFR]]
 
*[[FFR]]
:[[Field-Free Region]]
+
*[[FI]]
*[[FI ]]
 
:[[Field Ionization]]
 
 
*[[FIB]]
 
*[[FIB]]
:[[Fast Ion Bombardment]]
 
 
*[[FPD]]
 
*[[FPD]]
:[[Focal Plane Detector]]
+
*[[FT-ICR]]
*[[FT-ICR ]]
+
*[[FT-MS]]
:[[Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance]]
+
*[[GC/MS]]
*[[FT-MS ]]
+
*[[GD-MS]]
:[[Fourier Transform Mass Spectromery]]
+
*[[HDX]]
 
 
*[[GC-MS ]]
 
:[[Gas Chromatorgaphy Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[GD-MS ]]
 
:[[Glow Discharge Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
 
 
*[[HRMS]]
 
*[[HRMS]]
:[[High Resolution Mass Spectrometry]]
+
*[[ICP-MS]]
 
+
*[[ICR]]
*[[ICP-MS ]]
 
:[[Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[ICR ]]
 
:[[Ion Cyclotron Resonance]]
 
 
*[[IDMS]]
 
*[[IDMS]]
:[[Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
*[[IE]]
 
*[[IE]]
:[[Ionization Energy]]
 
 
*[[IKES]]
 
*[[IKES]]
:[[Ion Kinetic Energy Spectrometry]]
 
 
*[[IMS]]
 
*[[IMS]]
:[[Ion Mobility Spectrometry]]
+
*[[IRMPD]]
*[[IRMPD ]]
 
:[[Infrared Multiphoton Dissociation]]
 
 
*[[IRMS]]
 
*[[IRMS]]
:[[Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry]]
+
*[[ISD]]
 
*[[IT]]
 
*[[IT]]
:[[Ion Trap]]
 
 
*[[ITD]]
 
*[[ITD]]
:[[Ion Trap Detector]]
 
 
*[[ITMS]]
 
*[[ITMS]]
:[[Ion Trap Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
 
*[[KER]]
 
*[[KER]]
:[[Kinetic Energy Release]]
 
 
*[[KERD]]
 
*[[KERD]]
:[[Kinetic Energy Release Distribution]]
+
*[[LAMMA]]
 
 
*[[LAMMA ]]
 
:[[Laser Activated Microprobe Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
*[[LCMS]]
 
*[[LCMS]]
:[[Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
*[[LD]]
 
*[[LD]]
:[[Laser Desorption]]
+
*[[LDI]]
 
*[[LIMS]]
 
*[[LIMS]]
:[[Laser Ionization Mass Spectrometry]]
+
*[[LIT]]
*[[LMMS ]]
+
*[[LMMS]]
:[[Laser Microprobe Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
*[[LSIMS]]
 
*[[LSIMS]]
:[[Liquid Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry]]
+
*[[MALDI]]
 
 
*[[m/z]]
 
:[[Mass/charge Ratio]]
 
*[[MALDI ]]
 
:[[Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption Ionization]]
 
 
*[[MBMS]]
 
*[[MBMS]]
:[[Molecular Beam Mass Spectrometry]]
+
*[[MCP]]
 
*[[MID]]
 
*[[MID]]
:[[Multiple Ion Detection]]
+
*[[MIKES]]
*[[MIKES ]]
 
:[[Mass Analyzed Ion Kinetic Energy Spectrometry]]
 
 
*[[MIMS]]
 
*[[MIMS]]
:[[Membrane Inlet Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
*[[MPD]]
 
*[[MPD]]
:[[Multiphoton Dissociation]]
+
*[[MPI]]
*[[MPI ]]
 
:[[Multiphoton Ionization]]
 
 
*[[MRM]]
 
*[[MRM]]
:[[Multiple Reaction Monitoring]]
+
*[[MS]]
*[[MS ]]
+
*[[MS/MS]]
:[[Mass Spectrometry]]
+
*[[MSn]]
*[[MS/MS ]]
 
:[[Mass Spectrometry/Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[MSn ]]
 
:[[Multiple Stage Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
 
 
*[[NICI]]
 
*[[NICI]]
:[[Negative Ion Chemical Ionization]]
 
 
*[[NRMS]]
 
*[[NRMS]]
:[[Neutralization Reionization Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
 
*[[OE]]
 
*[[OE]]
:[[Odd Electron]]
 
:[[Orthogonal Extraction]]
 
 
 
*[[PA]]
 
*[[PA]]
:[[Proton Affinity]]
 
 
*[[PD]]
 
*[[PD]]
:[[Plasma Desorption]]
 
 
*[[PDMS]]
 
*[[PDMS]]
:[[Plasma Desorption Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
*[[PI]]
 
*[[PI]]
:[[Photoionization]]
+
*[[PSD]]
*[[PSD ]]
 
:[[Post-Source Decay]]
 
 
*[[PyMS]]
 
*[[PyMS]]
:[[Pyrolysis Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
 
*[[q]]
 
*[[q]]
:[[Collision Quadrupole]]
 
 
*[[Q]]
 
*[[Q]]
:[[Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer]]
+
*[[QIT]]
*[[QIT ]]
+
*[[QUISTOR]]
:[[Quadrupole Ion Trap]]
+
*[[REMPI]]
*[[QUISTOR ]]
+
*[[reTOF]]
:[[Quadrupole Ion Storage Trap]]
+
*[[RGA]]
 
+
*[[RIC]]
*[[REMPI ]]
 
:[[Resonance Enhanced Multiphoton Ionization]]
 
*[[RGA ]]
 
:[[Residual Gas Analyzer]]
 
 
*[[RIMS]]
 
*[[RIMS]]
:[[Resonance Ionization Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
*[[RP]]
 
*[[RP]]
:[[Resolving Power]]
+
*[[SALDI]]
 
+
*[[SELDI]]
*[[SELDI ]]
+
*[[SEND]]
:[[Surface Enhanced Laser Desorption Ionization]]
+
*[[SFC/MS]]
*[[SEND ]]
 
:[[Surface Enhanced Neat Desorption]]
 
*[[SFC
 
:[[Supercritical Fluid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
*[[SI]]
 
*[[SI]]
:[[Surface Ionization]]
+
*[[SID]]
*[[SID ]]
+
*[[SIFT]]
:[[Surface Induced Dissociation]]
+
*[[SIM]]
*[[SIFT ]]
+
*[[SIMS]]
:[[Selected Ion Flow Tube]]
 
*[[SIM ]]
 
:[[Selected Ion Monitoring]]
 
*[[SIMS ]]
 
:[[Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
*[[SORI]]
 
*[[SORI]]
:[[Sustained Off-Resonance Irradiation]]
 
 
*[[SRM]]
 
*[[SRM]]
:[[Selected Reaction Monitoring]]
 
 
*[[SSMS]]
 
*[[SSMS]]
:[[Spark Source Mass Spectrometry]]
+
*[[SWIFT]]
*[[SWIFT ]]
 
:[[Stored Waveform Inverse Fourier Transform]]
 
 
 
 
*[[TEL]]
 
*[[TEL]]
:[[Translational Energy Loss]]
 
 
*[[TES]]
 
*[[TES]]
:[[Translational Energy Spectrometry]]
+
*[[TIC]]
*[[TIC ]]
+
*[[TICC]]
:[[Total Ion Chromatogram]]
+
*[[TIMS]]
:[[Total Ion Current]]
 
*[[TIMS ]]
 
:[[Thermal Ionization Mass Specrometry]]
 
 
*[[TLF]]
 
*[[TLF]]
:[[Time Lag Focusing]]
+
*[[TOF]]
*[[TOF ]]
+
*[[TOF-MS]]
:[[Time of Flight]]
 
*[[TOF-MS ]]
 
:[[Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
 
 
*[[u]]
 
*[[u]]
:[[Unified Atomic Mass Unit]]
 
 
 
*[[z]]
 
*[[z]]
:[[Charge Number]]
 
 
= Ion Formation and Reactions =
 
 
== Types of Ions ==
 
  
*[[Adduct Ion ]]
+
= Terms Not Recommended =
*[[Aromatic Ion ]]
 
*[[Anion ]]
 
*[[Analog Ion ]]
 
*[[Anti-Aromatic Ion ]]
 
*[[Cation ]]
 
*[[Cationized Molecule ]]
 
*[[Classical Ion ]]
 
*[[Cluster Ion ]]
 
*[[Conventional Ion ]]
 
*[[Diagnostic Ion ]]
 
*[[Dimeric Ion ]]
 
*[[Distonic Ion ]]
 
*[[Enium Ion ]]
 
*[[Even-Electron Ion ]]
 
*[[Fragment Ion ]]
 
*[[Ion ]]
 
*[[Isotopologue Ion ]]
 
*[[Isotopomeric Ion ]]
 
*[[Metastable Ion ]]
 
*[[Molecular Ion ]]
 
*[[Negative Ion ]]
 
*[[Non-Classical Ion ]]
 
*[[Onium Ion ]]
 
*[[Odd-Electron Ion ]]
 
*[[Parent Ion ]]
 
*[[Positive Ion ]]
 
*[[Precursor Ion ]]
 
*[[Principal Ion ]]
 
*[[Product Ion ]]
 
*[[Protonated Molecule ]]
 
*[[Radical Ion ]]
 
*[[Reference Ion ]]
 
*[[Unstable Ion ]]
 
  
== Ion Formation ==
+
*[[Appearance Potential]]
 
+
*[[Atomic Mass Unit]] ([[amu]])
*[[Adiabatic Ionization ]]
+
*[[B/E Linked Scan]]
*[[Appearance Energy ]]
+
*[[B2/E Linked Scan]]
*[[Associative Ionization ]]
+
*[[B[1-(E/E0)]1/2/E Linked Scan
*[[Atmospheric Pressure Ionization ]]
+
*[[Collisionally Activated Dissociation]]
*[[Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization ]]
+
*[[Cycloidal mass spectrometer]]
*[[Atmospheric Pressure Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization]]
 
*[[Atmospheric Pressure Photoionization ]]
 
*[[Autodetachment]]
 
*[[Autoionization ]]
 
*[[Charge Exchange Ionization ]]
 
*[[Chemi-Ionization ]]
 
*[[Chemical Ionization ]]
 
*[[Continuous Flow Fast Atom Bombardment]]
 
*[[Delayed Extraction ]]
 
*[[Desorption/Ionization]]
 
*[[Desorption/Ionization On Silicon ]]
 
*[[Direct Insertion Probe]]
 
*[[Direct Liquid Introduction]]
 
*[[Dissociative Ionization ]]
 
*[[Electron Affinity ]]
 
*[[Electron Energy ]]
 
*[[Electron Ionization ]]
 
*[[Electrospray Ionization ]]
 
*[[Fast Atom Bombardment ]]
 
*[[Fast Ion Bombardment]]
 
*[[Field Desorption ]]
 
*[[Field Ionization ]]
 
*[[Flowing Afterglow]]
 
*[[Glow Discharge Ionization]]
 
*[[Inductively Coupled Plasma]]
 
*[[Ion Desolvation ]]
 
*[[Ion-Pair Formation ]]
 
*[[Ion Spray ]]
 
*[[Ionization Cross Section ]]
 
*[[Ionization Efficiency ]]
 
*[[Ionization Energy ]]
 
*[[Laser Activated Microprobe Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Laser Desorption]]
 
*[[Laser Desorption Ionization ]]
 
*[[Laser Ionization ]]
 
*[[Liquid Secondary Ionization ]]
 
*[[Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization ]]
 
*[[Membrane Inlet]]
 
*[[Microelectrospray ]]
 
*[[Molecular Beam Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Multiphoton Ionization ]]
 
*[[Nanoelectrospray ]]
 
*[[Negative Ion Chemical Ionization ]]
 
*[[Partial Charge Transfer Reaction]]
 
*[[Penning Ionization ]]
 
*[[Photoionization ]]
 
*[[Plasma Desorption Ionization ]]
 
*[[Post-Ionization]]
 
*[[Pre-Ionization State ]]
 
*[[Proton Affinity ]]
 
*[[Pyrolysis Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Resonance Enhanced Multiphoton Ionization ]]
 
*[[Resonance Ionization]]
 
*[[Secondary Ionization ]]
 
*[[Soft Ionization ]]
 
*[[Spark Ionization ]]
 
*[[Surface-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization ]]
 
*[[Surface Enhanced Laser Desorption Ionization]]
 
*[[Surface Enhanced Neat Desorption]]
 
*[[Surface Ionization ]]
 
*[[Thermal Ionization ]]
 
*[[Vertical Ionization ]]
 
 
 
== Ion Reactions ==
 
 
 
*[[Association Reaction ]]
 
 
 
*[[Blackbody Infrared Radiative Dissociation ]]
 
*[[Buffer Gas]]
 
*[[Charge Exchange Reaction ]]
 
*[[Charge-Induced Fragmentation ]]
 
*[[Charge Inversion Reaction ]]
 
*[[Charge Permutation Reaction ]]
 
*[[Charge-Remote Fragmentation ]]
 
*[[Charge Stripping Reaction ]]
 
*[[Charge Transfer Reaction ]]
 
*[[Collisional Activation]]
 
*[[Collisional Excitation ]]
 
*[[Collisionally Activated Dissociation ]]
 
*[[Collision Gas ]]
 
*[[Collision-Induced Dissociation ]]
 
*[[Collision Quadrupole]]
 
*[[Electron Capture Dissociation ]]
 
*[[Electron-Induced Excitation in Organics]]
 
*[[Heterolytic Cleavage ]]
 
*[[High Energy Collision]]
 
*[[High-Energy Collision-Induced Dissociation ]]
 
*[[Homolytic Cleavage]]
 
*[[Hydrogen/Deuterium Exchange ]]
 
*[[Inductive Cleavage ]]
 
*[[Infrared Multiphoton Dissociation ]]
 
*[[Ion Kinetic Energy Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Ion Energy Loss Spectra ]]
 
*[[Ion/Molecule Reaction ]]
 
*[[Ion/Neutral Complex ]]
 
*[[Ion/Neutral Species Reaction ]]
 
*[[Ion/Neutral Species Exchange Reaction ]]
 
*[[Ionizing Collision ]]
 
*[[Kinetic Method ]]
 
*[[Low Energy Collision]]s
 
*[[Low-Energy Collision-Induced Dissociation ]]
 
*[[McLafferty Rearrangement ]]
 
*[[Momentum Transfer Collision ]]
 
*[[Multiphoton Dissociation]]
 
*[[Partial Charge Exchange Reaction ]]
 
*[[Partial Charge Transfer Reaction ]]
 
*[[Photodissociation ]]
 
*[[Post-Source Decay ]]
 
*[[Selected Ion Flow Tube]]
 
*[[Superelastic Collision]]
 
*[[Surface-Induced Dissociation ]]
 
*[[Surface-Induced Reaction ]]
 
*[[Sustained Off-Resonance Irradiation ]]
 
*[[Unimolecular Dissociation ]]
 
 
 
= Ion Separation =
 
 
 
==  Mass Analyzers ==
 
 
 
*[[Accelerator Mass Spectrometry ]]
 
*[[Cyclotron ]]
 
*[[Dalton]]
 
*[[Double-focusing Mass Spectrometer ]]
 
*[[Electrostatic Energy Analyzer]]
 
*[[Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometer]]
 
*[[High-field Asymmetric Waveform Ion Mobility Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Hybrid Mass Spectrometer ]]
 
*[[Ion Trap]]
 
*[[Linear Ion Trap]]
 
*[[Mass Spectrograph ]]
 
*[[Mass Spectrometer ]]
 
*[[Mass Spectrometry ]]
 
*[[Mass Spectrometry/mass Spectrometry MS/MS]]
 
*[[Mass Spectrum ]]
 
*[[Mass Spectroscopy ]]
 
*[[Mattauch-Herzog Geometry ]]
 
*[[Nier-Johnson Geometry ]]
 
*[[Paul Ion Trap]]
 
*[[Prolate Trochoidal Mass Spectrometer]]
 
*[[Quadrupole Ion Storage Trap]]
 
*[[Quistor]]
 
*[[Quadrupole Ion Trap]]
 
*[[Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer]]
 
*[[Reflectron]]
 
*[[Residual Gas Analyzer]]
 
*[[Sector Mass Spectrometer ]]
 
*[[Stored Waveform Inverse Fourier Transform]]
 
*[[Tandem Mass Spectrometer]]
 
*[[Time-of-flight Mass Spectrometer ]]
 
*[[Transmission Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer]]
 
 
 
== ''m/z'' Separation Methods ==
 
 
 
*[[Accelerating Voltage ]]
 
*[[Cyclotron Motion ]]
 
 
*[[Cylindrical Ion Trap]]
 
*[[Cylindrical Ion Trap]]
*[[Delayed Extraction ]]
+
*[[Daughter Ion]]
*[[Dynamic Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Einzel Lens ]]
 
*[[Electric Field Strength ]]
 
*[[Field Free Region ]]
 
*[[First Stability Region ]]
 
*[[Fringing Field ]]
 
*[[Ion Gate]]
 
*[[Ion Mobility Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Kinetic Energy Analyzer ]]
 
*[[Kinetic Energy Release ]]
 
*[[Kinetic Energy Release Distribution]]
 
*[[Magnetic Deflection ]]
 
*[[Magnetic Flux Density ]]
 
*[[Mass Analyzed Ion Kinetic Energy Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Mass Limit ]]
 
*[[Mass Range ]]
 
*[[Mass Resolution ]]
 
*[[Multiple Ion Detection]]
 
*[[Resolving Power (Mass) ]]
 
*[[Mass Limit ]]
 
*[[Mass Selective Axial Ejection ]]
 
*[[Mass Selective Instability ]]
 
*[[Mathieu Stability Diagram ]]
 
*[[Orthogonal Extraction ]]
 
*[[Reflectron ]]
 
*[[Reflectron, Curved Field ]]
 
*[[Reflectron, Gridless ]]
 
*[[Reflectron, Quadratic Field ]]
 
*[[Resonance Ion Ejection ]]
 
*[[Selected Ion Monitoring]]
 
*[[Space Charge Effect ]]
 
*[[Stability Diagram ]]
 
*[[Static Field ]]
 
*[[Time Lag Focusing ]]
 
*[[Total Ion Chromatogram]]
 
*[[Transmission]]
 
 
 
== Sequential ''m/z'' Separation Methods ==
 
 
 
*[[2E Mass Spectrum]]
 
*[[Charge Inversion Mass Spectrum]]
 
*[[Constant Neutral Loss Scan]]
 
*[[Collisional Activation]]
 
*[[Collisionally Activated Dissociation]]
 
*[[Collision-Induced Dissociation]]
 
*[[Collisional Excitation  ]]
 
*[[Constant Neutral Mass Gain Scan]]
 
*[[Constant Neutral Mass Gain Spectrum]]
 
*[[Constant Neutral Mass Loss]]
 
*[[Constant Neutral Mass Loss Spectrum]]
 
*[[Consecutive Reaction Monitoring]]
 
*[[Daughter Ion ]]
 
 
*[[Daughter Ion Scan]]
 
*[[Daughter Ion Scan]]
 
*[[Daughter Ion Spectrum]]
 
*[[Daughter Ion Spectrum]]
*[[Direct Analysis of Daughter Ions]]
+
*[[Direct Analysis of Daughter Ions]] ([[DADI]])
*[[E/2 Mass Spectrum]]
+
*[[E2/V Linked Scan]]
*[[Fixed Precursor Ion Scan]]
+
*[[Electron Impact Ionization]]
*[[Fixed Product Ion Scan]]
+
*[[Field Desorption/Ionization]]
*[[Granddaughter Ion]]
+
*[[Fragment Ion Scan]]
*[[Grandparent Ion]]
+
*[[Fragment Ion Spectrum]]
*[[Ion Energy Loss Spectrum]]
+
*[[Granddaughter ion]]
*[[Laser Induced Dissociation]]
+
*[[Grandparent ion]]
*[[Linked Scan]]
+
*[[Ion-Ion Reaction]]
*[[Linked Scan at Constant B/E  ]]
+
*[[Ion-Molecule Reaction]]
*[[Linked Scan at Constant E2/V ]]
+
*[[Mass Spectroscopy]]
*[[Linked Scan at Constant B2/E ]]
+
*[[Mass-to-Charge Ratio]]
*[[Linked scan At Constant B(1-(E/E0))1/2/E ]]
+
*[[Molecular Weight]]
*[[Mass Spectrometry/mass Spectrometry MS/MS]]
+
*[[MS/MS Spectrum]]
*[[Mass-Analysed Ion Kinetic Energy Spectrometry]]
+
*[[Multiple Reaction Monitoring]]
*[[MS/MS Spectrum  ]]
 
*[[MS/MS in Time]]
 
*[[MS/MS in Space]]
 
*[[Multiple Reaction Monitoring]]
 
*[[Multiple Stage Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Neutral Loss]]
 
*[[Neutralization Reionization Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Nth Generation Product Ion ]]
 
*[[Nth Generation Product Ion Scan]]
 
*[[Nth Generation Product Ion Spectrum]]
 
 
*[[Parent Ion]]
 
*[[Parent Ion]]
*[[Parent Ion Scan]]  
+
*[[Parent Ion Scan]]
 
*[[Parent Ion Spectrum]]
 
*[[Parent Ion Spectrum]]
*[[Precursor Ion ]]
+
*[[Photon Impact]]
*[[Precursor Ion Scan]]
+
*[[Protonated Molecular Ion]]
*[[Precursor Ion Spectrum]]
+
*[[Pseudo-Molecular Ion]]  
*[[Product Ion ]]
+
*[[Quasi-Molecular Ion]]
*[[Product Ion Scan ]]
 
*[[Product Ion Spectrum]]
 
*[[Progeny Fragment Ions ]]
 
*[[Selected Reaction Monitoring]]
 
*[[Stable Ion]]
 
*[[Tandem Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Tandem MS In Time]]
 
*[[Tandem MS In Space]]
 
 
 
= Detection and Data Processing =
 
 
 
== Detectors ==
 
 
 
*[[Array Collector]]
 
*[[Channeltron]]
 
*[[Conversion Dynode]]
 
*[[Daly Detector]]
 
*[[Detection of Ions]]
 
*[[Dynode]]
 
*[[Electron Multiplier]]
 
*[[Faraday Cup]]
 
*[[Focal Plane Collector]]
 
*[[Ion-To-Photon Detector]]
 
*[[Micro-Channel Plate]]
 
*[[Photographic Plate]]
 
*[[Photomultiplier]]
 
*[[Point Collector]]
 
*[[Postacceleration Detector]]
 
*[[Total Ion Current]]
 

Latest revision as of 18:51, 27 August 2015

The IUPAC Task Group MS Terms Second Draft has been superseded by IUPAC Recommendations 2013.

See the final draft: http://iupac.org/publications/pac/asap/PAC-REC-06-04-06/


IUPAC Recommendations 2013 Index

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PDF Article

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Second Draft (PDF)

This is the Second Public Draft of the IUPAC Task Group Standard definitions of terms relating to mass spectrometry that is slated for completion in early 2006.

Also see the First Draft (PDF) and the IUPAC Orange Book Chapter 12.

terms

Acronyms

Terms Not Recommended