Difference between revisions of "IUPAC Task Group MS Terms Second Draft"

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*[[Charge Permutation Reaction]]
 
*[[Charge Permutation Reaction]]
 
*[[Charge Remote Fragmentation]]
 
*[[Charge Remote Fragmentation]]
*[[Charge Stripping ReactionCharge]]
+
*[[Charge Stripping Reaction]]
*[[Transfer ReactionChemical Ionization]]
+
*[[Charge Transfer Reaction]]
 +
*[[Chemical Ionization]]
 
*[[Chemi-Ionization]]
 
*[[Chemi-Ionization]]
 
*[[c-Ion]]
 
*[[c-Ion]]
Line 169: Line 170:
 
*[[Mass Defect]]
 
*[[Mass Defect]]
 
*[[Mass Excess]]
 
*[[Mass Excess]]
[[Mass Limit]]
+
*[[Mass Limit]]
 
*[[Mass Number]]
 
*[[Mass Number]]
 
*[[Mass Range]]
 
*[[Mass Range]]
Line 573: Line 574:
 
:[[Charge Number]]
 
:[[Charge Number]]
  
= Ion Formation and Reactions =
+
= Terms Not Recommended =
  
== Types of Ions ==
+
*[[Appearance Potential]]
 
+
*[[Atomic Mass Unit]] ([[amu]])
*[[Adduct Ion ]]
+
*[[B/E Linked Scan]]
*[[Aromatic Ion ]]
+
[[B2/E Linked Scan]]
*[[Anion ]]
+
*[[B[1-(E/E0)]1/2/E Linked Scan
*[[Analog Ion ]]
+
*[[Collisionally Activated Dissociation]]
*[[Anti-Aromatic Ion ]]
+
*[[Cycloidal Mass Spectrometer]]
*[[Cation ]]
 
*[[Cationized Molecule ]]
 
*[[Classical Ion ]]
 
*[[Cluster Ion ]]
 
*[[Conventional Ion ]]
 
*[[Diagnostic Ion ]]
 
*[[Dimeric Ion ]]
 
*[[Distonic Ion ]]
 
*[[Enium Ion ]]
 
*[[Even-Electron Ion ]]
 
*[[Fragment Ion ]]
 
*[[Ion ]]
 
*[[Isotopologue Ion ]]
 
*[[Isotopomeric Ion ]]
 
*[[Metastable Ion ]]
 
*[[Molecular Ion ]]
 
*[[Negative Ion ]]
 
*[[Non-Classical Ion ]]
 
*[[Onium Ion ]]
 
*[[Odd-Electron Ion ]]
 
*[[Parent Ion ]]
 
*[[Positive Ion ]]
 
*[[Precursor Ion ]]
 
*[[Principal Ion ]]
 
*[[Product Ion ]]
 
*[[Protonated Molecule ]]
 
*[[Radical Ion ]]
 
*[[Reference Ion ]]
 
*[[Stable Ion]]
 
*[[Unstable Ion ]]
 
 
 
== Ion Formation ==
 
 
 
*[[Adiabatic Ionization ]]
 
*[[Appearance Energy ]]
 
*[[Associative Ionization ]]
 
*[[Atmospheric Pressure Ionization ]]
 
*[[Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization ]]
 
*[[Atmospheric Pressure Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization]]
 
*[[Atmospheric Pressure Photoionization ]]
 
*[[Autodetachment]]
 
*[[Autoionization ]]
 
*[[Charge Exchange Ionization ]]
 
*[[Chemi-Ionization ]]
 
*[[Chemical Ionization ]]
 
*[[Continuous Flow Fast Atom Bombardment]]
 
*[[Delayed Extraction ]]
 
*[[Desorption/Ionization]]
 
*[[Desorption/Ionization On Silicon ]]
 
*[[Direct Insertion Probe]]
 
*[[Direct Liquid Introduction]]
 
*[[Dissociative Ionization ]]
 
*[[Electron Affinity ]]
 
*[[Electron Energy ]]
 
*[[Electron Ionization ]]
 
*[[Electrospray Ionization ]]
 
*[[Fast Atom Bombardment ]]
 
*[[Fast Ion Bombardment]]
 
*[[Field Desorption ]]
 
*[[Field Ionization ]]
 
*[[Flowing Afterglow]]
 
*[[Glow Discharge Ionization]]
 
*[[Inductively Coupled Plasma]]
 
*[[Ion Desolvation ]]
 
*[[Ion-Pair Formation ]]
 
*[[Ion Spray ]]
 
*[[Ionization Cross Section ]]
 
*[[Ionization Efficiency ]]
 
*[[Ionization Energy ]]
 
*[[Laser Activated Microprobe Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Laser Desorption]]
 
*[[Laser Desorption Ionization ]]
 
*[[Laser Ionization ]]
 
*[[Liquid Secondary Ionization ]]
 
*[[Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization ]]
 
*[[Membrane Inlet]]
 
*[[Microelectrospray ]]
 
*[[Molecular Beam Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Multiphoton Ionization ]]
 
*[[Nanoelectrospray ]]
 
*[[Negative Ion Chemical Ionization ]]
 
*[[Penning Ionization ]]
 
*[[Photoionization ]]
 
*[[Plasma Desorption Ionization ]]
 
*[[Post-Ionization]]
 
*[[Pre-Ionization State ]]
 
*[[Proton Affinity ]]
 
*[[Pyrolysis Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Resonance Enhanced Multiphoton Ionization ]]
 
*[[Resonance Ionization]]
 
*[[Secondary Ionization ]]
 
*[[Soft Ionization ]]
 
*[[Spark Ionization ]]
 
*[[Surface-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization ]]
 
*[[Surface Enhanced Laser Desorption Ionization]]
 
*[[Surface Enhanced Neat Desorption]]
 
*[[Surface Ionization ]]
 
*[[Thermal Ionization ]]
 
*[[Vertical Ionization ]]
 
 
 
== Ion Reactions ==
 
 
 
*[[Association Reaction ]]
 
 
 
*[[Blackbody Infrared Radiative Dissociation ]]
 
*[[Buffer Gas]]
 
*[[Charge Exchange Reaction ]]
 
*[[Charge-Induced Fragmentation ]]
 
*[[Charge Inversion Reaction ]]
 
*[[Charge Permutation Reaction ]]
 
*[[Charge-Remote Fragmentation ]]
 
*[[Charge Stripping Reaction ]]
 
*[[Charge Transfer Reaction ]]
 
*[[Collisional Activation]]
 
*[[Collisional Excitation ]]
 
*[[Collisionally Activated Dissociation ]]
 
*[[Collision Gas ]]
 
*[[Collision-Induced Dissociation ]]
 
*[[Collision Quadrupole]]
 
*[[Electron Capture Dissociation ]]
 
*[[Electron-Induced Excitation in Organics]]
 
*[[Heterolytic Cleavage ]]
 
*[[High Energy Collision]]
 
*[[High-Energy Collision-Induced Dissociation ]]
 
*[[Homolytic Cleavage]]
 
*[[Hydrogen/Deuterium Exchange ]]
 
*[[Ion Energy Loss Spectrum]]
 
*[[Ionizing Collision ]]
 
*[[Ion Kinetic Energy Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Ion/Molecule Reaction ]]
 
*[[Ion/Neutral Complex ]]
 
*[[Ion/Neutral Species Reaction ]]
 
*[[Ion/Neutral Species Exchange Reaction ]]
 
*[[Inductive Cleavage ]]
 
*[[Infrared Multiphoton Dissociation ]]
 
*[[Kinetic Method ]]
 
*[[Low Energy Collision]]s
 
*[[Low-Energy Collision-Induced Dissociation ]]
 
*[[McLafferty Rearrangement ]]
 
*[[Momentum Transfer Collision ]]
 
*[[Multiphoton Dissociation]]
 
*[[Partial Charge Exchange Reaction ]]
 
*[[Partial Charge Transfer Reaction ]]
 
*[[Photodissociation ]]
 
*[[Post-Source Decay ]]
 
*[[Selected Ion Flow Tube]]
 
*[[Superelastic Collision]]
 
*[[Surface-Induced Dissociation ]]
 
*[[Surface-Induced Reaction ]]
 
*[[Sustained Off-Resonance Irradiation ]]
 
*[[Unimolecular Dissociation ]]
 
 
 
= Ion Separation and Detection =
 
 
 
==  Mass Analyzers ==
 
 
 
*[[Accelerator Mass Spectrometry ]]
 
*[[Cyclotron ]]
 
*[[Double-focusing Mass Spectrometer ]]
 
*[[Electrostatic Energy Analyzer]]
 
*[[Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometer]]
 
*[[High-field Asymmetric Waveform Ion Mobility Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Hybrid Mass Spectrometer ]]
 
*[[Ion Trap]]
 
*[[Linear Ion Trap]]
 
*[[Mass Spectrograph ]]
 
*[[Mass Spectrometer ]]
 
*[[Mass Spectrometry ]]
 
*[[Mass Spectrometry/mass Spectrometry MS/MS]]
 
*[[Mass Spectrum ]]
 
*[[Mass Spectroscopy ]]
 
*[[Mattauch-Herzog Geometry ]]
 
*[[Nier-Johnson Geometry ]]
 
*[[Paul Ion Trap]]
 
*[[Prolate Trochoidal Mass Spectrometer]]
 
*[[Quadrupole Ion Storage Trap]]
 
*[[Quistor]]
 
*[[Quadrupole Ion Trap]]
 
*[[Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer]]
 
*[[Reflectron]]
 
*[[Residual Gas Analyzer]]
 
*[[Sector Mass Spectrometer ]]
 
*[[Stored Waveform Inverse Fourier Transform]]
 
*[[Tandem Mass Spectrometer]]
 
*[[Time-of-flight Mass Spectrometer ]]
 
*[[Transmission Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer]]
 
 
 
== ''m/z'' Separation Methods ==
 
 
 
*[[Accelerating Voltage ]]
 
*[[Cyclotron Motion ]]
 
 
*[[Cylindrical Ion Trap]]
 
*[[Cylindrical Ion Trap]]
*[[Delayed Extraction ]]
+
*[[Daughter Ion]]
*[[Dynamic Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Einzel Lens ]]
 
*[[Electric Field Strength ]]
 
*[[Field Free Region ]]
 
*[[First Stability Region ]]
 
*[[Fringing Field ]]
 
*[[Ion Gate]]
 
*[[Ion Mobility Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Kinetic Energy Analyzer ]]
 
*[[Kinetic Energy Release ]]
 
*[[Kinetic Energy Release Distribution]]
 
*[[Mass Analyzed Ion Kinetic Energy Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Mass Limit ]]
 
*[[Mass Range ]]
 
*[[Mass Resolution ]]
 
*[[Resolving Power (Mass) ]]
 
*[[Mass Limit ]]
 
*[[Mass Selective Axial Ejection ]]
 
*[[Mass Selective Instability ]]
 
*[[Mathieu Stability Diagram ]]
 
*[[Orthogonal Extraction ]]
 
*[[Reflectron ]]
 
*[[Reflectron, Curved Field ]]
 
*[[Reflectron, Gridless ]]
 
*[[Reflectron, Quadratic Field ]]
 
*[[Resonance Ion Ejection ]]
 
*[[Selected Ion Monitoring]]
 
*[[Space Charge Effect ]]
 
*[[Stability Diagram ]]
 
*[[Static Field ]]
 
*[[Time Lag Focusing ]]
 
 
 
== Sequential ''m/z'' Separation Methods ==
 
 
 
*[[2E Mass Spectrum]]
 
*[[Charge Inversion Mass Spectrum]]
 
*[[Constant Neutral Loss Scan]] 
 
*[[Constant Neutral Mass Gain Scan]]
 
*[[Constant Neutral Mass Gain Spectrum]]
 
*[[Constant Neutral Mass Loss]]
 
*[[Constant Neutral Mass Loss Spectrum]]
 
*[[Consecutive Reaction Monitoring]]
 
*[[Daughter Ion ]]
 
 
*[[Daughter Ion Scan]]
 
*[[Daughter Ion Scan]]
 
*[[Daughter Ion Spectrum]]
 
*[[Daughter Ion Spectrum]]
*[[Direct Analysis of Daughter Ions]]
+
*[[Direct Analysis of Daughter Ions]] ([[DADI]])
*[[E/2 Mass Spectrum]]
+
*[[E2/V Linked Scan]]
*[[Fixed Precursor Ion Scan]]
+
*[[Electron Impact Ionization]]
*[[Fixed Product Ion Scan]]
+
*[[Field Desorption/Ionization]]
*[[Granddaughter Ion]]
+
*[[Fragment Ion Scan]]
*[[Grandparent Ion]]
+
*[[Fragment Ion Spectrum]]
*[[Linked Scan]]
+
*[[Granddaughter ion]]
*[[Linked Scan at Constant B/E  ]]
+
*[[Grandparent ion]]
*[[Linked Scan at Constant E2/V ]]
+
*[[Ion-Ion Reaction]]
*[[Linked Scan at Constant B2/E ]]
+
*[[Ion-Molecule Reaction]]
*[[Linked scan At Constant B(1-(E/E0))1/2/E ]]
+
*[[Mass Spectroscopy]]
*[[Mass Spectrometry/mass Spectrometry MS/MS]]
+
*[[Mass-to-Charge Ratio]]
*[[Mass-Analysed Ion Kinetic Energy Spectrometry]]
+
*[[Molecular Weight]]
*[[MS/MS Spectrum  ]]
+
*[[MS/MS Spectrum]]
*[[MS/MS in Time]]
+
*[[.Multiple Reaction Monitoring]]
*[[MS/MS in Space]]
 
*[[Multiple Reaction Monitoring]]
 
*[[Multiple Stage Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Neutral Loss]]
 
*[[Neutralization Reionization Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Nth Generation Product Ion ]]
 
*[[Nth Generation Product Ion Scan]]
 
*[[Nth Generation Product Ion Spectrum]]
 
 
*[[Parent Ion]]
 
*[[Parent Ion]]
*[[Parent Ion Scan]]  
+
*[[Parent Ion Scan]]
 
*[[Parent Ion Spectrum]]
 
*[[Parent Ion Spectrum]]
*[[Precursor Ion ]]
+
*[[Photon Impact]]
*[[Precursor Ion Scan]]
+
*[[Protonated Molecular Ion]]
*[[Precursor Ion Spectrum]]
+
*[[Pseudo-Molecular Ion]]  
*[[Product Ion ]]
+
*[[Quasi-Molecular Ion]]
*[[Product Ion Scan ]]
 
*[[Product Ion Spectrum]]
 
*[[Progeny Fragment Ions ]]
 
*[[Selected Reaction Monitoring]]
 
*[[Tandem Mass Spectrometry]]
 
*[[Tandem MS In Time]]
 
*[[Tandem MS In Space]]
 
 
 
== Detectors ==
 
 
 
*[[Array Collector]]
 
*[[Channeltron]]
 
*[[Conversion Dynode]]
 
*[[Daly Detector]]
 
*[[Dynode]]
 
*[[Electron Multiplier]]
 
*[[Faraday Cup]]
 
*[[Focal Plane Collector]]
 
*[[Ion-To-Photon Detector]]
 
*[[Micro-Channel Plate]]
 
*[[Multiple Ion Detection]]
 
*[[Point Collector]]
 
*[[Postacceleration Detector]]
 
*[[Secondary Electron]]
 
*[[Total Ion Current]]
 

Revision as of 04:57, 16 March 2006