Onium ion

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Revision as of 18:29, 25 December 2005 by Kkmurray (talk | contribs) (added hypervalent)
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Onium ion

A positively charged hypervalent ion of the nonmetallic elements. Examples are the methonium ion CH5+, the hydrogenonium ion H3+ and and the hydronium ion H3O+. Other examples are the carbonium, oxonium, sulfonium, nitronium, diazonium, phosphonium, and halonium ions. Onium ions are not limited to monopositive ions; multiply-charged onium ions exist such as the gitonic (proximal) oxonium dication H4O2+ and the distonic oxonium dication H2O+-CH2-CH2-OH2+.

Considered between 2004 and 2006 but not included in the 2006 PAC submission
This is an unofficial draft definition presented for information and comment.

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