Difference between revisions of "TG Terms"

From MS Terms Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(clean up using AWB)
 
(24 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
(For old terms, see [[Orange Book Chapter 12]])
+
= Second Draft =
  
== Fundamentals ==
+
The [[TG Terms Second Draft|second draft]] is the current working version of the terms that will be completed and formal review initiated in early 2006.
  
=== Types of ions ===
+
Please view and comment on the scope and content of this draft.
  
=== Basic Definitions ===
 
  
[[Accelerator Mass Spectrometry]] (remove)
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="10" cellspacing="0" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
! style="background:#fff869;"|
 +
The [[TG Terms Second Draft|IUPAC Standard Definitions of Terms Relating to Mass Spectrometry - second draft]]
  
[[Adiabatic Ionization]] (remove)
+
Please view and comment on the scope and content of this draft.
 +
|}
  
[[Accuracy (see Mass Accuracy)]] (remove)
 
  
[[Accurate Mass]]
+
= First Draft =
  
[[Average Mass]]
+
The first draft of the revised terms was presented at the San Antonio ASMS meeting in June 2005. A PDF version of the document can be downloaded by clicking the link below.
  
[[Appearance Energy]]
 
 
[[Associative Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
[[Auto-Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
[[Atomic Mass Unit (u or Da)]]
 
 
[[Base Peak]]
 
 
[[Background Noise]]
 
 
[[Background Subtraction]]
 
 
[[Background Subtracted Mass Spectrum]]
 
 
[[Charge]]
 
 
[[Charge Deconvolution (multiply to singly charged ions)]]
 
 
[[Charge Number (z)]]
 
 
[[Charge Splitting]]
 
 
[[Chemical Noise]]
 
 
[[Combined Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
[[Delayed Extraction]]
 
 
[[Crossed Electric and Magnetic Fields]] (remove)
 
 
[[Double-focusing Mass Spectrograph]] (remove)
 
 
[[Double-focusing Mass Spectrometer]] (remove)
 
 
[[Dynamic Fields Mass Mpectrometer]] (remove)
 
 
[[Electric Sector]] (remove)
 
 
[[Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron (FT-ICR) Mass Spectrometer]] (remove)
 
 
[[Hybrid Mass Spectrometer]] (remove)
 
 
[[Ion Cyclotron Resonance (ICR) Mass Spectrometer]] (remove)
 
 
[[Ion Trap]] (remove)
 
 
[[Ion Aceleration]]
 
 
[[Ion Detection]]
 
 
[[Ion Gate]]
 
 
[[Ion Trapping]]
 
 
[[Ionization]]
 
 
[[Ionization Cross Section]]
 
 
[[Ion Cyclotron Ressonance]]
 
 
[[Ionization Efficiency]]
 
 
[[Ionization Energy ]]
 
 
[[Charge Exchange (Charge Transfer) Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
[[Chemi-Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
[[Chemical Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
[[Charge Exchange]]
 
 
[[Charge Transfer]]
 
 
[[Charge Partitioning]]
 
 
[[Charge Stripping]]
 
 
[[Charge Inversion (types of reactions) ?]]
 
 
[[Collision(al) Activation]]
 
 
[[Dissociative Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
[[Electron Affinity]]
 
 
[[Electron Capture]]
 
 
[[Electron Energy]]
 
 
[[Electron Transfer ]]
 
 
 
[[Fast Atom Bombardment Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
[[Field Desorption]] (remove)
 
 
[[Field Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
 
 
[[Hydrib Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
[[Hyphenated Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
 
[[Ion-Pair Formation]] (remove)
 
 
[[Ionic Dissociation]] (remove)
 
 
[[Ion Activation]]
 
 
[[Ion Dissociation]]
 
 
[[Isomeric Ion/Isobaric Ion (really needed?)]]
 
 
[[Ion Connectivity (sequence of atoms)]]
 
 
[[Ion Cooling (See Ion Quenching)]]
 
 
[[Ion Fragmentation (see Ion Dissociation)]]
 
 
[[Ion-Molecule Reactions]]
 
 
[[Ion Quenching]]
 
 
[[Ion-Source]]
 
 
[[Ion Structure (in MS it often means ion connectivity)]]
 
 
[[Isotope Cluster]]
 
 
[[Isotope Deconvolution]]
 
 
[[Mass/Charge Ratio  (Th, never use Da, no units?. An ion of m/z or an ion at m/z?)]]
 
 
[[Magnetic Deflection]] (remove)
 
 
[[Magnetic Field]] (remove)
 
 
[[Magnetic Sector]] (remove)
 
 
[[Mass Analysis]]
 
 
[[Mass Number (m)]]
 
 
[[Mass Accuracy]]
 
 
[[Mass Error]]
 
 
[[Mass Scan]]
 
 
[[Mass Spectrograph]] (remove)
 
 
 
[[Mass Spectrometer]]
 
 
 
[[Mass Spectrometer Operating on the Linear Accelerator Principle]] (remove)
 
 
 
[[Mass Spectrometry (The best definition of MS when can propose)]]
 
 
[[Mass Spectrometry/mass Spectrometry MS/MS]]
 
 
[[Mass Spectrum]]
 
 
[[Molecular Mass]]
 
 
[[Monoisotopic Mass]]
 
 
[[Most Abundant Mass]]
 
 
[[MS abbreviation (correct use)]]
 
 
[[Multiple-Stage mass Spectrometry  MSn]]
 
 
[[The m/z unit (Th or unitless?)]]
 
 
 
[[Mass Spectroscope]] (remove)
 
 
[[Mass Spectroscopy]] (remove)
 
 
[[Mattauch-Herzog Geometry]] (remove)
 
 
[[Nier-Johnson Geometry]] (remove)
 
 
[[Laser Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
[[Multi-Photon Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
[[Negative Ion Chemical Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
 
 
[[Nominal Mass]]
 
 
[[Peaks (difference between an ion and a peak, peak intensity versus ion abundance)]]
 
 
[[Penning Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
[[Photo-Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
[[Plasma Desorption (Fission Fragment) Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
[[Pre-Ionization State]] (remove)
 
 
 
 
[[Prolate Trochoidal Mass Spectrometer]] (remove)
 
 
[[Quadrupole Ion Storage Trap (Quistor)]] (remove)
 
 
[[Quadrupole Mass Analyser]] (remove)
 
 
[[Single-focusing Mass Spectrometer]] (remove)
 
 
[[Static Fields Mass Spectometer]] (remove)
 
  
 +
{| border="1" cellpadding="10" cellspacing="0" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
! style="background:#fff869;"|Draft of
 +
[http://www.msterms.com/docs/IUPAC_MS_Terms_Draft.pdf IUPAC Standard Definitions of Terms Relating to Mass Spectrometry (PDF)]
 
   
 
   
[[Tandem Mass Spectrometer]] (remove)
+
presented at the 2005 San Antonio ASMS meeting.
 
+
|}
[[Tandem Mass Spectrometry]]
 
 
 
[[Time-of-flight Mass Mpectrometer]] (remove)
 
 
 
 
[[Time-of-Flight]]
 
 
 
[[Transmission]]
 
 
 
[[Post-Source Decay]]
 
 
 
[[Proton Affinity]]
 
 
 
[[Proton transfer/ Proton Abstraction (types of reactions ?)]]
 
 
 
[[Reflectron]]
 
 
 
[[Spark Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
 
[[Surface Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
 
[[Thermal Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
 
[[Vertical Ionization]] (remove)
 
 
 
[[Sensitivity]]
 
 
 
[[Sequential Mass Spectrometry (see Tandem MS and Multiple-stage MS)]]
 
 
 
 
 
 
[[Radical (not to be confused with groups or substituents)]]
 
 
 
[[Recombination Energy]]
 
 
 
[[Relative Abundance]]
 
 
 
[[Resolution]]
 
 
 
[[Resolving Power]]
 
 
 
 
 
 
[[X, [X + 1], [X + 2] Elements]]
 
 
 
== Processes & Techniques ==
 
 
 
=== Ion Formation ===
 
 
 
[[Adiabatic Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Appearance Energy]]
 
 
 
[[Associative Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Atmospheric Pressure Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Atmospheric Pressure Photo-Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Auto-Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Charge Exchange (Charge Transfer) Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Chemi-Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Chemical Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Desolvation]]
 
 
 
[[Desorption/Ionization On Silicon]], [[DIOS]]
 
 
 
[[Dissociative Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Electron Affinity]]
 
 
 
[[Electron Energy]]
 
 
 
[[Electron Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Electrospray Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Fast Atom Bombardment]]
 
 
 
[[Field Desorption]]
 
 
 
[[Field Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Ion-Pair Formation]]
 
 
 
[[Ion Spray]]
 
 
 
[[Ionic Dissociation]]
 
 
 
[[Ionization Cross Section]]
 
 
 
[[Ionization Efficiency]]
 
 
 
[[Ionization Energy]]
 
 
 
[[Laser Desorption/Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Laser Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Liquid Matrix]]
 
 
 
[[Liquid Secondary Ion]]
 
 
 
[[Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Microspray]]
 
 
 
[[Multi-Photon Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Nanospray]]
 
 
 
[[Negative Ion Chemical Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Penning Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Photo-Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Plasma Desorption (Fission Fragment) Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Pre-Ionization State]]
 
 
 
[[Proton Affinity]]
 
 
 
[[Resonance-Enhanced Multiphoton Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Secondary Ion]]
 
 
 
[[Soft Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Spark Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Surface-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Surface Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Thermal Ionization]]
 
 
 
[[Vertical Ionization]]
 
 
 
=== Ion Reactions ===
 
 
 
[[Association Reaction]]
 
 
 
[[a-Cleavage]]
 
 
 
[[b-Cleavage]]
 
 
 
[[Blackbody Infrared Radiative Dissociation]]
 
 
 
[[Charge Exchange Reaction]]
 
 
 
[[Charge-Induced Fragmentation]]
 
 
 
[[Charge Inversion Reaction]]
 
 
 
[[Charge Permutation Reaction]]
 
 
 
[[Charge-Remote Fragmentation]]
 
 
 
[[Charge Stripping Reaction]]
 
 
 
[[Charge Transfer Reaction]]
 
 
 
[[Collisional Activation, Collisionally Activated Dissociation]]
 
 
 
[[Collisional Excitation]]
 
 
 
[[Collision-Induced Dissociation]]
 
 
 
[[Collision Gas]]
 
 
 
[[Elastic Collision]]
 
 
 
[[Elastic Scattering]]
 
 
 
[[Electron Capture Dissociation]]
 
 
 
[[Heterolysis (Heterolytic Cleavage)]]
 
 
 
[[High-Energy Collision-Induced Dissociation]]
 
 
 
[[Homolysis (Homolytic Cleavage)]]
 
 
 
[[Hydrogen/Deuterium Exchange]]
 
 
 
[[Impact Parameter]]
 
 
 
[[I-Cleavage (Inductive Cleavage)]]
 
 
 
[[Inelastic Collision]]
 
 
 
[[Inelastic Scattering]]
 
 
 
[[Infrared Multiphoton Dissociation]]
 
 
 
[[Interaction Distance]]
 
 
 
[[Ion Energy Loss Spectra]]
 
 
 
[[Ion/Molecule Reaction]]
 
 
 
[[Ion/Neutral Complex]]
 
 
 
[[Ion/Neutral Species Reaction]]
 
 
 
[[Ion/Neutral Species Exchange Reaction]]
 
 
 
[[Ionizing Collision]]
 
 
 
[[Kinetic Method]]
 
 
 
[[Low-Energy Collision-Induced Dissociation]]
 
 
 
[[Mclafferty Rearrangement]]
 
 
 
[[Momentum Transfer Collision]]
 
 
 
[[Multiple Collision]]
 
 
 
[[Partial Charge Exchange Reaction]]
 
 
 
[[Partial Charge Transfer Reaction]]
 
 
 
[[Photodissociation]]
 
 
 
[[Post-Source Decay]]
 
 
 
[[Quasi-Equilibrium Theory]]
 
 
 
[[Superelastic Collision]]
 
 
 
[[Sustained Off-Resonance Irradiation]]
 
 
 
[[Unimolecular Dissociation]]
 
 
 
=== m/z Separation ===
 
 
 
[[Accelerating Voltage]]
 
 
 
[[Cyclotron Motion]]
 
 
 
[[Delayed Extraction]]
 
 
 
[[Einzel Lens]]
 
 
 
[[Electric Field Strength]]
 
 
 
[[Field Free Region]]
 
 
 
[[First Stability Region]]
 
 
 
[[Fringing Field]]
 
 
 
[[Ion Gate]] ([[Mass Gate]])
 
 
 
[[Kinetic Energy]]
 
 
 
[[Kinetic Energy Analyzer]]
 
 
 
[[Kinetic Energy Release]]
 
 
 
[[Magnetic Deflection]]
 
 
 
[[Magnetic Flux Density]]
 
 
 
[[Magnetron Motion]]
 
 
 
[[Mass Analyzed Ion Kinetic Energy Spectrometry]], [[MIKES]]
 
 
 
[[Mass Limit]]
 
 
 
[[Mass Range]]
 
 
 
[[Mass Resolution]]
 
 
 
[[Resolving Power (Mass)]]
 
 
 
[[Mass Selective Axial Ejection]]
 
 
 
[[Mass Selective Instability]]
 
 
 
[[Mathieu Equation]]
 
 
 
[[Momentum Analyzer]]
 
 
 
[[Orthogonal Extraction]]
 
 
 
[[Quadrupole Field]]
 
 
 
[[Reflectron]]
 
 
 
[[Reflectron, Curved Field]]
 
 
 
[[Reflectron, Gridless]]
 
 
 
[[Reflectron, Quadratic Field]]
 
 
 
[[Resonance Ion Ejection]]
 
 
 
[[Space Charge Effect]]
 
 
 
[[Stability Diagram]]
 
 
 
[[Static Field]]
 
 
 
[[Time Lag Focusing]]
 
 
 
[[Transmission]]
 
 
 
=== Detection ===
 
 
 
[[Array Detector]] ([[PATRIC]])
 
 
 
[[Channel Electron Particle Multiplier]]
 
 
 
[[Dynode, Continuous]]
 
 
 
[[Dynode, Conversion]]
 
 
 
[[Daly Detector]]
 
 
 
[[Detector Gain]]
 
 
 
[[Dynode, Discrete ]]
 
 
 
[[Ion-To-Photon Detector]]
 
 
 
[[Photoelectric Effect]]
 
 
 
[[Photographic Plate Recording ]]
 
 
 
[[Postacceleration Detector]]
 
 
 
[[Secondary Electron Emission]]
 
 
 
[[Secondary Ion Emission]]
 
 
 
[[Sensitivity ]]
 
 
 
[[Total Ion Current]]
 
 
 
== Instrumentation ==
 
 
 
=== Ion Sources ===
 
 
 
=== Sample introduction ===
 
 
 
=== M/z separation methods ===
 
 
 
=== Sequential m/z separation ===
 
 
 
[[MS/MS]]
 
 
 
[[Tandem MS]]
 
 
 
[[MSn]]
 
 
 
[[Precursor Ion Spectrum]]
 
 
 
[[Product Ion Spectrum]]
 
 
 
[[Nth Generation Product Ion Spectrum]]
 
 
 
[[Daughter Ion Spectrum]]
 
 
 
[[Parent Ion Spectrum]]
 
 
 
[[Constant Neutral Mass Loss Spectrum]]
 
 
 
[[Constant Neutral Mass Gain Spectrum]]
 
 
 
[[Precursor Ion Scan]]
 
 
 
[[Product Ion Scan]]
 
 
 
[[Nth Generation Product Ion Scan]]
 
[[Daughter Ion Scan]]
 
 
 
[[Parent Ion Scan]]
 
 
 
[[Constant Neutral Mass Loss Scan]]
 
 
 
[[Constant Neutral Mass Gain Scan]]
 
 
 
[[Mass-Analysed Ion Kinetic Energy Spectrometry]] (MIKES)
 
 
 
[[Ion Kinetic Energy Spectrometry]] (IKES)
 
 
 
[[Direct Analysis of Daughter Ions]] (DADI)
 
 
 
[[Multiple Reaction Monitoring]] (MRM)
 
 
 
[[Selected Reaction Monitoring]] (SRM)
 
 
 
[[Metastable Ion]]
 
 
 
[[Field Free Region]] (FFR)
 
 
 
[[Collision-Induced Dissociation]] (CID)
 
 
 
[[Collisionally Activated Disociation]] (CAD)
 
 
 
[[Collisional Activation]]
 
 
 
[[Linked Scan]]
 
 
 
[[B/E Linked Scan]]
 
 
 
[[B2/E Linked Scan]]
 
 
 
[[E2/V Linked Scan]]
 
 
 
[[Sustained Off-Resonance Irradiation]] (SORI)
 
 
 
[[Electron Capture Dissociation]] (ECD)
 
 
 
IRMPD ([[Infrared Multi-Photon Dissociation]])
 
 
 
=== Detectors ===
 
 
 
[[Electron Multiplier]]
 
 
 
[[Photomultiplier]]
 
 
 
[[Dynode]]
 
 
 
[[Conversion Dynode]]
 
 
 
[[Faraday Cup]]
 
 
 
[[Daly Detector]]
 
 
 
[[MCP (Micro-Channel Plate)]]
 
 
 
[[Post-Acceleration Detector (PAD)]]
 
 
 
[[Photographic Plate]]
 
 
 
  
  
[[Sensitivity]]
+
= Zeroth Draft =
  
[[Detection Limit]]
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="10" cellspacing="0" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
! style="background:#fff869;"|
 +
For old terms, see [[Orange Book Chapter 12]]
  
== Data Processing ==
+
|}

Latest revision as of 02:27, 14 July 2009

Second Draft

The second draft is the current working version of the terms that will be completed and formal review initiated in early 2006.

Please view and comment on the scope and content of this draft.


The IUPAC Standard Definitions of Terms Relating to Mass Spectrometry - second draft

Please view and comment on the scope and content of this draft.


First Draft

The first draft of the revised terms was presented at the San Antonio ASMS meeting in June 2005. A PDF version of the document can be downloaded by clicking the link below.


Draft of

IUPAC Standard Definitions of Terms Relating to Mass Spectrometry (PDF)

presented at the 2005 San Antonio ASMS meeting.


Zeroth Draft

For old terms, see Orange Book Chapter 12