Table of ambient ionization techniques
Click the header box to sort the ambient ionization techniques.
From http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cr300309q (Monge, M. E.; Harris, G. A.; Dwivedi, P.; Fernandez, F. M. Mass Spectrometry: Recent Advances in Direct Open Air Surface Sampling/Ionization. Chem. Rev. 2013, 113, 2269-2308)
"One-step techniques where desorption occurs by solid?liquid extraction processes dynamically followed by ESI, APPI, sonic spray, or CI ion production mechanisms"
"One-step plasma-based techniques involving thermal or chemical sputtering desorption of neutrals working in parallel with chemical ionization mechanisms"
"Two-step techniques involving thermal desorption or mechanical ablation followed by secondary ionization"
"Two-step techniques involving laser desorption/ablation followed by secondary ionization"
"Two-step acoustic desorption methods"
"Multimode techniques involving two of the principles in previous categories"
"One-of-a-kind techniques that do not fit into previous categories"